Urology focuses on the health of the urinary tract in men and women, and it also addresses reproductive problems in men.

Doctors dealing with urological problems are called urologists.

When having a urological problem one should never hesitate and book an appointment with a urologist to get timely treatment. Thus to book an appointment with the best Urologist in Johar Town Lahore log on to

Urological problems are a result of illness, aging or injury. Below we are mentioning most common urological problems in men and women:

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in men and women:

If you get a burning sensation while urinating or your urine seems to be cloudy then it is a sign that you might have Urinary Tract Infection.

When you visit a urologist to get a treatment for UTI they will prescribe you with a urine test to make sure it is UTI that is causing you pain.

After the confirmation, antibiotics are prescribed to treat the infection.

Overactive bladder in men and women:

Overactive bladder is a condition that causes severe and sudden urges to urinate that are hard to control. The condition makes the patient feel that they need to urinate several times during day and night.

This problem is quite common among older men and women. They can fix it with the help of simple dietary changes like reducing caffeine intake and altering the time of diuretics.

Medications and physical therapy help treat overactive bladder. Some doctors also suggest nerve therapy which works by placing a needle in the ankle, the needle transmits electrical stimulation to nerves that control bladder function. Botox injections and implantable bladder pacemakers are also used for the treatment of overactive bladder.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) in men:

Erectile dysfunction is a condition which makes a man unable to get or maintain an erection.

Erectile dysfunction can be a result of hypertension, diabetes, obesity, stress, depression, anxiety, low testosterone levels in the body, cardiovascular disease or drug use.

The treatment for the problem is dependent on the underlying cause. Some common treatment options that urologists prescribe are: medications, vacuum pumps, testosterone replacement, acupuncture, psychological treatment or by making lifestyle changes like losing weight, reducing stress and quitting smoking.

Infertility in men:

Infertility in a man means any health issue that reduces their chances of getting their female partner pregnant. Main causes of infertility in men are: sperm disorders, obstruction, hormones, varicoceles, immunologic infertility, retrograde ejaculation and certain  medications.

Male infertility can be hard to diagnose. Semen tests, blood tests and physical exams must be required to make the right diagnosis and select treatment options.

The treatment is dependent on the underlying cause. Infertility can be treated with both surgical and non-surgical methods.

Vasectomy in men:

Vasectomy is a surgical procedure used as a permanent contraceptive method; they are a 99.9% full proof birth control method. Vasectomy is also called male sterilisation.

In this surgery a urologist cuts male vasa deferentia and seals it so that no sperm enters the urethra. The sperm is still produced, but it doesn’t come out when you ejaculate, the body soaks the sperm.

You get to decide if you need to be completely sedated during the surgery or not. The surgical procedure is not painful, but patients feel a pinch when the anesthetic goes in and starts numbing the area.

Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) in men:

This condition is more common in older men. Common symptoms of BPH are: frequent urges to urinate, increased urination at night, weak stream of urine, inability to urinate or bloody urine.

Treatment options for BPH include medication, slightly invasive surgeries and therapies. Your doctor will choose a treatment option for you after considering your symptoms, your overall health and size of your prostate.

Incontinence after pregnancy in women:

This is the condition where a woman starts leaking her urine after she laughs or coughs. The leakage is completely unintentional and unpredictable. It usually happens to women who are in their late 30s or above.  The incontinence is also considered as one of the after effects of pregnancy.

Treatment options that Urologist in Clifton Karachi consider for incontinence are talk therapy and pelvic floor exercises. However surgical procedures are also there if the problems persist or worsens.

Urinary stones in women:

At times substances in your urine combine to form stones in the kidneys, bladder or ureters. These stones cause a burning sensation when you urinate. Some women also get chills or fever because of these stones. The stones can also make your urine smell or look different.

These stones often are a result of an underlying health issue or a reaction from cancer treatment. Women with UTIs are also at a greater risk to develop stones. Drinking optimum levels of water daily can be helpful to move these stones. These stones can be broken with the help of an ultrasound based treatment or a surgery.

Painful bladder syndrome in women:

Painful bladder syndrome also known as interstitial cystitis (IC) causes discomfort in the lower belly and bladder. Women suffering from this syndrome may feel the urge to urinate almost 60 times in a single day. The condition makes them feel that their bladder is always full, and the urges to urinate can be sudden and severe. IC can make sex painful and uncomfortable.  Treatment can help ease the symptoms and make life better.

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